Diabetes- Know more

What's Diabetes?

Diabetes is a chronic disease that occurs either when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or when the body cannot effectively use the insulin it produces.

Insulin is a hormone that regulates blood sugar.

Hyperglycaemia, or raised blood sugar, is a common effect of uncontrolled diabetes and over time leads to serious damage to many of the body's systems, especially the nerves and blood vessels.

In 2014, 8.5% of adults aged 18 years and older had diabetes. In 2015, diabetes was the direct cause of 1.5 million deaths and in 2012 high blood glucose was the cause of another 2.2 million deaths😯.

Many of the signs and symptoms of diabetes seem harmless, but an early diagnosis is very important to prevent complications such as loss of vision, amputations, cardiovascular diseases, kidney disease, among others.

What types of Diabetes?

3 of main types of Diabetes are::

  • Type 1 Diabetes
  • Type 2 Diabetes
  • Gestational Diabetes

Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes (previously known as insulin-dependent, juvenile or childhood-onset) is characterized by deficient insulin production and requires daily administration of insulin. The cause of type 1 diabetes is not known and it is not preventable with current knowledge.

Symptoms include excessive excretion of urine (polyuria), thirst (polydipsia), constant hunger, weight loss, vision changes, and fatigue. These symptoms may occur suddenly 😵

Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes (formerly called non-insulin-dependent, or adult-onset) results from the body’s ineffective use of insulin. Type 2 diabetes comprises the majority of people with diabetes around the world, and is largely the result of excess body weight and physical inactivity.

Symptoms may be similar to those of type 1 diabetes, but are often less marked. As a result, the disease may be diagnosed several years after onset, once complications have already arisen.

Until recently, this type of diabetes was seen only in adults but it is now also occurring increasingly frequently in children.

Gestational Diabetes

Gestational diabetes is hyperglycaemia with blood glucose values above normal but below those diagnostic of diabetes, occurring during pregnancy.

Women with gestational diabetes are at an increased risk of complications during pregnancy and at delivery. They and their children are also at increased risk of type 2 diabetes in the future.

Gestational diabetes is diagnosed through prenatal screening, rather than through reported symptoms.

How to test your blood sugar levels?

To measure the blood sugar with a common device, we must:

  1. Wash hands and dry properly;
  2. Insert a test strip into the blood glucose monitor;
  3. Snap the finger with the sharp needle (called lancet);
  4. Put a drop of blood on the test strip;
  5. Then you put the test strip into the meter that shows your blood sugar level;
  6. Wait a few seconds until the blood glucose value appears on the monitor.
  7. To avoid always jabbing the same local, you should change your finger with each new measurement. The latest blood glucose devices can also measure the blood sugar taken from the arm or thigh, for example.

Some blood glucose monitors may work differently, so it is important to read the manufacturer's instructions for use before using the appliance.

Tips to help you manage your Diabetes!

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Websites to know more about Diabetes

CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND PREVENTION

You can find great informations about your condition and tips to help you in your diabete's treatment.

AMERICAN DIABETES ASSOCIATION

You can find great informations about your condition and tips to help you in your diabete's treatment.